Human rights to evaluate evidence on non-state involvement in education

This background paper prepared for the Global Education Monitoring Report provides both the rationale and the framework for re-centring a human rights’ perspective in education sector analysis. It draws on international human rights law as specified in the recently adopted Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to provide public education and to regulate private involvement in education, a landmark text for the interpretation of the right to education, in particular in the context of growing privatisation in and of education.

A human rights approach: The right to education in the time of COVID-19

One of the most serious consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic has been the disruption of children’s education worldwide with the closure of schools for public health reasons. Projections from UNESCO Institute for Statistics show that nearly 100 million children across eight age cohorts would move below the minimum proficiency threshold in reading in 2020 due to the pandemic (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2021).

Child migration and access to Early Childhood Care and Education: Limitations in legal frameworks and other concerns

Early childhood, defined as the period from birth to eight years old, is a crucial time for the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth of children. Access to quality early childhood care and education (ECCE), therefore, can be vital in laying the foundations for children’s long-term development, well-being, learning, and health. Despite this, universal and equitable access to free, quality, and compulsory pre-primary education is one of the major education challenges. One out of two children does not receive pre-primary education.

Working paper | Public education works: five lessons from low- and middle-income countries

In recent decades, governments have made considerable efforts to provide education for all. However, a large gap remains between international commitments, such as the Sustainable Development Goal 4, and the actual achievement of equitable quality education for all. As a result, certain actors often critique public education as ineffective and inefficient, and thus incapable of addressing this issue. They argue for privatisation as a solution, deeming private providers as more innovative and effective than public ones.

Dès le départ : construire des sociétés inclusives grâce à une éducation de la petite enfance inclusive

L’éducation de la petite enfance peut offrir de nouvelles opportunités aux enfants défavorisés, à condition que les programmes fassent de l’inclusion un principe directeur. Si la communauté internationale s’est d’ores et déjà engagée en faveur de l’éducation inclusive, les efforts consentis par les différents pays pour étendre cet objectif à la petite enfance sont très variables.

Documento de política 46 - Desde un comienzo: forjar sociedades inclusivas mediante la educación inclusiva en la primera infancia

La educación de la primera infancia tiene el potencial de ampliar las oportunidades de los niños desfavorecidos, siempre que en los programas la inclusión sea el principio rector. Si bien la comunidad internacional se ha comprometido a impulsar la educación inclusiva, los esfuerzos por extender este objetivo a la primera infancia varían de un país a otro.

Policy Paper 46 - Right from the start: build inclusive societies through inclusive early childhood education

Early childhood education has the potential to expand opportunities for disadvantaged children, provided that programmes use inclusion as a guiding principle. While the international community has committed to inclusive education, countries vary in their efforts to extend this goal to early childhood. Universal access is the basis of inclusion, and countries must address barriers related to socio-economic status, ethnicity, gender, language, disability and remoteness.

Kit pratique pour collecter et analyser les données sur les attaques contre l’éducation

Si les données sur les attaques contre l’éducation sont devenues plus largement disponibles grâce à une meilleure prise de conscience et aux efforts des organisations nationales et internationales et des organes de contrôle, des lacunes de données critiques subsistent. Les systèmes de signalement peuvent être absents, médiocres ou déconnectés des réponses efficaces aux attaques contre l’éducation.

Toolkit for Collecting and Analyzing Data on Attacks on Education

While data on attacks on education has become more widely available thanks to better awareness and efforts by national and international organizations and monitoring bodies, critical data gaps remain. Reporting systems may be absent, weak, or disconnected from effective responses to attacks on education. Monitors, as well as victims and witnesses, may face threats to their safety, or insecurity may prevent monitors from accessing areas where attacks occur. As such, many attacks and incidents of military use go unreported, undermining efforts to calculate their prevalence.

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