This online library provides resources from the Right to Education Initiative as well as from other partner organisations. You can filter relevant resources by topic, region, country, content type and language. Note that resources in other languages will be available soon.

See also our list of useful databases for information on the implementation of the right to education at national level.

Key resource

The new 2023 GEM Report on Technology in education: A tool on whose terms? addresses the use of technology in education around the world through the lenses of relevance, equity, scalability and sustainability.

It argues that education systems should always ensure that learners’ interests are placed at the center and that digital technologies are used to support an education based on human interaction rather than aiming at substituting it. The report looks at ways in which technology can help reach disadvantaged learners but also ensure more knowledge reaches more learners in more engaging and cheaper formats. It focuses on how quality can be improved, both in teaching and learning basic skills, and in developing the digital skills needed in daily life. It recognizes the role of technology in system management with special reference to assessment data and other education management information.

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Education is a fundamental human right under international law. While it should be a right that everyone is entitled to, migrants face multiple challenges in the enjoyment of their right to education.
In the present report, the Special Rapporteur aims to understand these challenges and considers the de facto and de jure situation of the right to education of migrants around the world. Through an analysis of international and regional legal frameworks and more than 500 relevant documents authored by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and United Nations bodies, the report presents its major findings in terms of the 4As framework for the right to education: availability, accessibility, acceptability and adaptability, as well as in terms of cross-cutting issues related to identity.

The report identifies key issues to ensuring the right to education of migrants, including the capacities of public educational institutions, and challenges migrants face in accessing educational facilities and quality educational opportunities that take into account the specific needs of migrant groups.

The report proposes key recommendations to improve the protection and guarantee the full enjoyment by migrants of their right to education through the implementation of the 4As framework for the right to education.


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This report shows how a student’s place of origin within France, that is, the region in which they live prior to the beginning of their studies, coupled with their socio-economic background can mean that the cost of education, which is heavily influenced by the structure of the French higher education system, poses a significant barrier to their enjoyment of the right to higher education. 

Key resource

RTE's background paper for the Global Education Monitoring Report 2017/8: Accountability in education: Meeting our commitments.

The purpose of the paper is to show how a human rights-based approach offers insights and practical solutions to address the accountability deficits found in both education policy decision-making and implementation, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Specifically, the paper argues that a human rights-based approach to accountability can bolster public policy accountability by defining the responsibilities of authorities, ensuring they are answerable for actions regarding those responsibilities, and how they can be subject to forms of enforceable sanctions or remedial action for failures to carry out those responsibilities.

The second half of the paper explores the prevalence of the right to education in national laws and the conditions necessary for the right to education to be successfully adjudicated at the national level. It provides an overview of how countries have incorporated the right to education in their domestic legal orders, as well as a list of countries where the right to education is justiciable. This is complemented by a series of case studies that draw out the requirements for successful adjudication at the national level.

This paper examines court cases from countries around the world to identify the conditions that enable the right to education to be realised through adjudication.

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The COVID-19 pandemic greatly accelerated the use of digital technologies in education. But beyond the emergency response, there is an international trend towards exploring how artificial intelligence and data-based analytics can support learning, learning assessments, and evidence-based policy planning processes. The use of data in education is a double-edged sword. On the one hand, they offer tremendous potential to create value by improving policies and programmes, driving transparent governance and better management of education systems, teachers’ empowerment, personalized learning experiences, assessment, and certification. On the other hand, data accumulation can lead to a concentration of economic and political power, raising the possibility that data may be misused in ways that harm learners. This publication argues that a balance must be struck between the use of technology to advance educational transformation and the safeguarding of privacy and individual rights. Proper rules and protocols are needed to protect students and teachers not only in national policies but also at international level, where cooperation and collaborative efforts are also required to support policy learning, knowledge sharing and mutual understanding. UNESCO launches through this publication a clarion call to the education community not only to pay careful attention to data privacy in education, but to take the lead in these developments.

Key resource

This documented was submitted to the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to education in February 2023, in response to a call for contributions for a report she is developing for the UN Human Rights Council.

The present report outlines the main activities undertaken by the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, Felipe González Morales, during the reporting period. In the report, the Special Rapporteur highlights the human rights challenges faced by migrants in an irregular situation by providing an analysis on how irregularity increases vulnerability to human rights violations. He discusses how to address situations of vulnerability of migrants due to a lack of regular migration status by creating and strengthening regularization mechanisms. On the basis of the information and analysis provided by States, international organizations, civil society and other stakeholders, the Special Rapporteur identifies promising practices, ongoing efforts and existing challenges and provides a set of recommendations aimed at expanding and diversifying regularization mechanisms and programmes to enhance the protection of the human rights of migrants.

Français Español  العربية

On trouvera dans le présent rapport un résumé des principales activités menées par le Rapporteur spécial sur les droits humains des migrants, Felipe González Morales, au cours de la période considérée. Le Rapporteur spécial appelle l’attention sur les problèmes que rencontrent les migrants en situation irrégulière dans l’exercice de leurs droits humains et analyse en quoi l’irrégularité accroît la vulnérabilité aux violations de ces droits. Il examine comment l’on peut remédier à la situation de vulnérabilité dans laquelle se trouvent les migrants qui n’ont pas de titre de séjour en créant des mécanismes de régularisation et en renforçant ceux qui existent déjà. En se basant sur les informations et les analyses communiquées par les États, les organisations internationales, la société civile et d’autres acteurs, le Rapporteur spécial recense les pratiques prometteuses, les travaux en cours et les problèmes qui se posent, et délivre une série de recommandations préconisant d’élargir et de diversifier les mécanismes et programmes de régularisation afin de renforcer la protection des droits humains des migrants.

English العربية Español

يعرض هذا التقرير الأنشطة الرئيسية التي اضطلع بها المقرر الخاص المعني بحقوق الإنسان للمهاجرين ، فيليبي غونزاليس موراليس ، خلال الفترة المشمولة بالتقرير. في التقرير ، يسلط المقرر الخاص الضوء على تحديات حقوق الإنسان التي يواجهها المهاجرون الذين هم في وضع غير قانوني من خلال تقديم تحليل حول كيفية زيادة المخالفات في التعرض لانتهاكات حقوق الإنسان. ويناقش كيفية معالجة حالات ضعف المهاجرين بسبب الافتقار إلى وضع الهجرة النظامية من خلال إنشاء وتعزيز آليات تسوية الأوضاع. على أساس المعلومات والتحليلات المقدمة من الدول والمنظمات الدولية والمجتمع المدني وأصحاب المصلحة الآخرين ، يحدد المقرر الخاص الممارسات الواعدة والجهود الجارية والتحديات القائمة ويقدم مجموعة من التوصيات التي تهدف إلى توسيع وتنويع آليات التسوية والبرامج لتعزيز حماية حقوق الإنسان للمهاجرين

English Français Español

En el presente informe se describen las principales actividades emprendidas por el Relator Especial sobre los derechos humanos de los migrantes, Felipe González Morales, en el período examinado. En él, el Relator Especial hace hincapié en los problemas de derechos humanos que experimentan los migrantes en situación irregular y presenta un análisis de la manera en que la situación de irregularidad aumenta la vulnerabilidad ante las violaciones de los derechos humanos. Trata de la forma de abordar las situaciones de vulnerabilidad de los migrantes por no estar en una situación migratoria regular creando y fortaleciendo mecanismos de regularización.

Sobre la base de la información y de los análisis proporcionados por los Estados, las organizaciones internacionales, la sociedad civil y otros interesados, el Relator Especial señala las prácticas prometedoras, las iniciativas en curso y los desafíos existentes y presenta una serie de recomendaciones tendentes a ampliar y diversificar los mecanismos y programas de regularización para mejorar la protección de los derechos humanos de los migrantes.

English Français العربية