When working on human rights issues, you should consider a person’s right to decide whether they want to be featured in written, recorded or audiovisual work. 

It is an ethical consideration which protects individuals from exploitation. It is also a legal requirement:  in many countries you cannot share, store or publish content if consent has not been obtained. 

 
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RTE's background paper for the Global Education Monitoring Report 2017/8: Accountability in education: Meeting our commitments.

The purpose of the paper is to show how a human rights-based approach offers insights and practical solutions to address the accountability deficits found in both education policy decision-making and implementation, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Specifically, the paper argues that a human rights-based approach to accountability can bolster public policy accountability by defining the responsibilities of authorities, ensuring they are answerable for actions regarding those responsibilities, and how they can be subject to forms of enforceable sanctions or remedial action for failures to carry out those responsibilities.

The second half of the paper explores the prevalence of the right to education in national laws and the conditions necessary for the right to education to be successfully adjudicated at the national level. It provides an overview of how countries have incorporated the right to education in their domestic legal orders, as well as a list of countries where the right to education is justiciable. This is complemented by a series of case studies that draw out the requirements for successful adjudication at the national level.

This paper examines court cases from countries around the world to identify the conditions that enable the right to education to be realised through adjudication.

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La educación superior forma parte del derecho a la educación y está protegido por el derecho internacional de los derechos humanos. Esto significa que los Estados tienen la obligación de proteger, respetar y hacer realidad el derecho a la educación superior y que hay formas de hacerles rendir cuentas por las violaciones o privaciones del derecho a la educación superior. El derecho internacional de los derechos humanos establece que la educación superior debe ser accesible a todas las personas por igual, sin discriminación, en función de la capacidad. Esto debe lograrse por todos los medios apropiados y, en particular, mediante la introducción progresiva de la enseñanza gratuita.

Sin embargo, a pesar de un amplio marco jurídico internacional que garantiza el derecho a la educación superior sin ningún tipo de discriminación y un amplio compromiso político para promover la inclusión en la educación superior, persisten importantes desigualdades, tanto en el acceso a la educación superior como en el acceso a las titulaciones y programas más gratificantes desde el punto de vista social. Cuestiones como la privatización de la enseñanza superior y el aumento de las tasas académicas representan una amenaza para la igualdad de acceso y participación en la enseñanza
superior, especialmente en contextos en los que persisten las desigualdades sociales estructurales, como las desigualdades de clase, de género o territoriales. Además, ciertos grupos –como las minorías étnicas, raciales y religiosas, así como las personas inmigrantes, refugiadas o solicitantes de asilo— siguen estando ampliamente infrarrepresentados en la enseñanza superior en comparación con su proporción en el conjunto de la población.

Estos y otros muchos retos relacionados con el acceso y la participación en la educación superior pueden salir a la luz cuando supervisamos cuidadosamente el derecho a la educación superior. Solo mediante el seguimiento del derecho a la educación superior se pueden diseñar leyes y políticas adaptadas que aborden las desigualdades y discriminaciones persistentes. 

Esta guía propone un enfoque basado en los derechos humanos para las desigualdades relativas al acceso y la participación de las y los estudiantes en la educación superior. El replanteamiento del análisis de la educación a través de la lente de los derechos humanos contrasta fuertemente con la visión reducida de la educación como generadora de capital humano.

El seguimiento de los derechos humanos es útil para abordar las desigualdades y las discriminaciones en el acceso y la participación en la educación superior porque permite evaluar la realización del derecho a la educación en un contexto determinado, así como las lagunas en la legislación y las políticas que protegen este derecho. El seguimiento le ayudará a identificar e investigar el grado de realización del derecho a la educación superior, especialmente en lo que respecta a la obligación de los Estados de proporcionar un acceso igualitario, en función de la capacidad, sin discriminación. En última instancia, el seguimiento del derecho a la educación superior le proporcionará el análisis jurídico y fáctico que le permitirá responsabilizar a los Estados en caso de privaciones y violaciones del derecho a la educación superior.

 

 

ENGLISH

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Higher education is part of the right to education, protected under international human rights law. This means that states have the obligation to protect respect and fulfil the right to higher education and that there are ways to hold them accountable for violations or deprivations of the right to higher education.

However, despite a comprehensive international legal framework ensuring the right to higher education without any discrimination and a wide political commitment to promote inclusion in higher education, important inequalities persist, both in terms of access to higher education and of access to the most socially rewarding degrees and programmes. Issues such as privatisation of higher education and rising tuition fees represent a threat to equal access and participation in higher education, especially in contexts where structural social inequalities - such as class, gender, or territorial inequalities - persevere. Moreover, certain groups - such as ethnic, racial, and religious minorities as well as migrants, refugees, or asylum seekers - are still widely underrepresented in higher education if compared to their proportion in the population as a whole.

These, and many other challenges regarding access and participation in higher education, can be brought to light when we carefully monitor the right to higher education. It is only by monitoring the right to higher education that adapted laws and policies which can address persistent inequalities and discriminations can be designed.

This guide proposes a human rights based approach to inequalities regarding students’ access to and participation in higher education. This guide is part of a series of thematic guidance notes providing practical advice on monitoring various aspects of the right to education from a human rights perspective.

 

ESPAÑOL

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This report, jointly produced by Right to Education Initiative; La FAGE, Fédération des Associations Générales Etudiantes; and Global Students Forum, focuses on the right to higher education, questioning France’s compliance with its obligations regarding article 2.2 and article 13.2 (c) of the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

It is based on a five year research project developed by the Right to Education Initiative (RTE) in collaboration with students from Sciences Po Law School Clinic (Paris) and researchers from the University of Geneva, University of Orléans and ENS Paris Saclay

This submission highlights that the public policies aiming to reduce inequalities in access to higher education implemented by the French government since the last periodical reporting session are insufficient, and need to be reinforced and expanded. It argues that structural, territorial, and socio-economic inequalities as well as the State’s higher education financing policy hinder equality and non-discrimination in access to higher education and increase the privatisation trend.

 

FRANÇAIS

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