The report analyses the ways in which unpaid care work is recognised and organised, the extent and quality of care jobs and their impact on the well-being of individuals and society. A key focus of this report is the persistent gender inequalities in households and the labour market, which are inextricably linked with care work. These gender inequalities must be overcome to make care work decent and to ensure a future of decent work for both women and men. The report contains a wealth of original data drawn from over 90 countries and details transformative policy measures in five main areas: care, macroeconomics, labour, social protection and migration. It also presents projections on the potential for decent care job creation offered by remedying current care work deficits and meeting the related targets of the Sustainable Development Goals.


This paper shows that pre-primary education has not yet achieved the level of priority necessary in domestic policies and budgets, with nearly all low-income countries dedicating less than 5 per cent of their education budgets to pre-primary education. The most disadvantaged, marginalised and vulnerable, who stand to gain the most from investments in pre-primary education, are frequently left behind. Moreover, the international community has not kept pace to incentivise governments to invest in pre-primary education — less than 1 per cent of ODA is dedicated to pre-primary education. Major bilateral and multilateral actors are not using the little resources available to best effect to impact the most disadvantaged. This paper includes a set of recommendations on funding to ensure quality pre-primary education for all. 


Ce rapport se concentre sur l'objectif d'Education des premières années, qui a pour principal enjeu d'encourager les Etats à mettre en place des mesures et des moyens pour élargir l'accès à l'Education et protection de la petite enfance, en se fondant sur une approche holistique, qui prend en considération les soins, la santé, la nutrition et bien sur l'éducation. 

Ce rapport se concentre sur l'objectif d'Education des premières années, qui a pour principal enjeu d'encourager les Etats à mettre en place des mesures et des moyens pour élargir l'accès à l'Education et protection de la petite enfance, en se fondant sur une approche holistique, qui prend en considération les soins, la santé, la nutrition et bien sur l'éducation. 



The 2007 UNESCO Education for All Monitoring Report focuses on the first Education for All goal, which calls upon countries to expand and improve early childhood care and education – in the form of a holistic package encompassing care, health and nutrition in addition to education.


El primer informe mundial de UNICEF sobre la educación preescolar presenta un análisis exhaustivo de la situación de la educación en la primera infancia en todo el mundo. También proporciona un conjunto de recomendaciones prácticas para que los gobiernos y los asociados consigan que la educación preescolar de calidad sea universal y sistemática. Al observar que al menos 175 millones de niños –el 50% de la población en edad preescolar– no participan en ningún programa de educación preescolar, el informe hace un llamamiento a los gobiernos para que asignen el 10% de su presupuesto nacional de educación a la ampliación de estos programas. Los fondos deberían invertirse en el apoyo a los docentes, el establecimiento de normas de calidad y la ampliación equitativa, dice el informe.



UNICEF’s first global report on pre-primary education presents a comprehensive analysis of the status of early childhood education worldwide. It also outlines a set of practical recommendations for governments and partners to make quality pre-primary education universal and routine. Noting that at least 175 million children – 50 per cent of the world’s pre-primary-age population – are not enrolled in pre-primary programmes, the report urges governments to commit at least 10 per cent of their national education budgets to scale them up. Such funding should be invested in pre-primary teachers, quality standards and equitable expansion, the report states.


Le premier rapport mondial de l’UNICEF sur l’enseignement préprimaire présente une analyse approfondie de la situation de l’éducation de la petite enfance dans le monde. Il fournit également un ensemble de recommandations pratiques à l’intention des gouvernements et des partenaires pour rendre l’enseignement préprimaire de qualité universel et normal. Prenant note qu’au moins 175 millions d’enfants – 50 % de la population en âge de fréquenter l’enseignement préprimaire – ne participent à aucun programme d’enseignement préprimaire, le rapport appelle les gouvernements à consacrer 10 % de leur budget national alloué à l’éducation afin de les développer. Les fonds devraient être investis à l’appui des instituteurs, de l’établissement de normes de qualité et d’une expansion équitable, indique le rapport.


This UNESCO study provides a global overview and an analysis of the adoption of legal provisions for free and compulsory pre-primary education at national level. The analysis, prepared by UNESCO in cooperation with the ‘Right to Education Initiative’, is based on research carried out on qualitative data for 193 UNESCO Member States conducted by UNESCO, and complemented by in-depth research on 17 countries carried out by the ‘Right to Education Initiative’.

Inclusion should be a principal commitment from early childhood. According to the latest estimates from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, the number of children not enrolled in pre-school in the year before primary school has decreased over the past decade, from 52.1 million in 2009 to 47.2 million in 2018. Despite this progress, the large number of children still excluded from pre-school is a major concern, given the strong evidence linking access to inclusive early childhood care and education (ECCE) with school success, overall development, and well-being. Early childhood services aim to provide for all children equally, but when the most vulnerable children are excluded or ignored, universal participation is unattainable. Many children are denied access because of gender, disability, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographic location, language, refugee or displaced status, or due to a humanitarian crisis or natural disaster. The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated this exclusion. Today, more than ever, it is vital to intensify advocacy and concrete efforts to guarantee the right of every child to ECCE by mobilizing the multiple actors working to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG 4) and its targets related to inclusive early childhood education.

This publication presents and discusses both qualitative and quantitative data for a renewed, action-oriented global commitment to universal and inclusive early childhood services. The recommendations have emerged from a literature review and consultations with experts, practitioners, and academics from multiple countries. It is intended for policy-makers, managers of ECCE programmes and services, practitioners, development partners, families, and research institutions. It recommends measures to be taken by policy-makers in consultation with relevant actors in order to make ECCE more inclusive. The measures are supported by research and illustrated by inspiring examples from across the globe. This publication supports all stakeholders who are committed to make inclusion from early childhood a reality.