Este informe se presenta de conformidad con las resoluciones 8/4, 17/3 y 26/17 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos. En él, el Relator Especial sobre el derecho a la educación examina la responsabilidad del Estado frente al crecimiento explosivo de los proveedores de enseñanza privados, desde la perspectiva del derecho a la educación. El relator Especial hace hincapié en la necesidad de mantener la educación como un bien público que no debe verse reducido a empresa comercial con fines de lucro y subraya la importancia de los principios de no discriminación e igualdad de oportunidades, así como la justicia social y la equidad. Los Estados deben desarrollar un marco regulatorio para todo los proveedores de enseñanza privada, que prevea sanciones para las prácticas abusivas. El Relator Especial pone de relieve otras cuestiones fundamentales y concluye su informe con recomendaciones.

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Key resource

In this report submitted to the UN Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur on the right to education looks with concern at the rapid increase in the number of private education providers and the resulting commercialisation of education, and examines the negative effects of this on the norms and principles underlying the legal framework of the right to education as established by international human rights treaties. He highlights the repercussions of privatisation on the principles of social justice and equity and analyses education laws as well as evolving jurisprudence related to privatisation in education. Finally, he offers a set of recommendations on developing effective regulatory frameworks for controlling private providers of education and safeguarding education as a public good.

In this report submitted to the UN General Assembly , the Special Rapporteur on the right to education examines State responsibility in the face of the explosive growth of private education providers, from a right to education perspective. He emphasizes the need to preserve education as a public good, which must not be reduced to a profit-making business. He also underlines the importance of the principles of non-discrimination and equality of opportunity, as well as social justice and equity. States must develop a regulatory framework for all private providers of education, including sanctions for abusive practices. The Special Rapporteur highlights some additional key issues and concludes with recommendations. 

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Key resource

The Special Rapporteur examines public-private partnerships in education, which are inextricably linked to rapidly expanding privatisation. He highlights their implications for the right to education and for the principles of social justice and equity. Lastly, he offers a set of recommendations with a view to developing an effective regulatory framework, along with implementation strategies for public-private partnerships in education, in keeping with State obligations for the right to education, as laid down in international human rights conventions, and the need to safeguard education as a public good. 

Conférence donnée à Sciences Pô paris, le 18 Mars 2015 à 17h, comprenant:

  • Une allocution de Kishore Singh, Rapporteur spécial de l’ONU sur le droit à l’éducation
  • Une présentation d’études de cas de privatisations au Chili et au Népal par la Clinique de l’École de Droit de Sciences Po
  • Les réflexions d’Olivier De Schutter, universitaire et membre du Comité des droits économiques, sociaux et culturels de l’ONU

Ces dernières années, le nombre d’enfants scolarisés au sein d’établissements primaires et secondaires privés a augmenté de façon spectaculaire, notamment dans des pays en voie de développement. S’il n’existe pas de modèle unique d’école privée, on assiste à une multiplication récente d’établissements scolaires payants à but lucratif. Des écoles privées « à bas coût », visant à faire des profits en proposant des frais de scolarité modestes aux plus pauvres, ont notamment fait leur apparition.

Cette privatisation croissante du système éducatif soulève un certain nombre de questions au regard du droit à l’éducation et plus généralement, des droits de l’Homme. Si le cadre normatif des droits de l’Homme protège le droit des parents de librement choisir le genre d’éducation qui sera donné à leur enfant, il exige également que chaque enfant ait accès gratuitement à une école primaire et secondaire de qualité, et que le système éducatif ne soit pas inégalitaire.

Comment alors s’assurer que la privatisation de l’éducation, en particulier dans les pays en voie de développement, ne soit pas source de ségrégation et d’inégalités ? Quelles réponses les Etats peuvent-ils apporter ? Comment protéger l’éducation d’une marchandisation qui affecterait sa nature même ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions sur lesquelles les intervenants proposeront leur réflexion et débattront avec le public.

Parallel Report submitted by the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition and the Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, with the support of the Africa Network Campaign on Education For All, the Privatisation in Education Research Initiative, the Right to Education Project, the Global Campaign for Education and Education International to to the Committee on Elimination of Discrimination Against Women on the occasion of the consideration of the List of Issues related to the Periodic Reports of Ghana. This report highlights the issue of privatisation in education in Ghana.

Alternative Report submitted by ISER-Uganda and the Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, with the support of the Privatisation in Education Research Initiative, the Right to Education Project, Education International, the Global Campaign for Education, the Africa Network Campaign on Education For All, Forum for Education NGO's in Uganda and the Girls Education Movement Uganda Chapter to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights at its 56th Ordinary Session for its consideration of the List of Issues for Uganda.

This report highlights the issue of privatisation in education in Uganda. 

Regulation of private schools and role of non-government players in education, particularly private education providers at elementary education-level continue to attract immense interest of researchers, policymakers and educationists from across the world. In countries like India, and more recently Kenya, Ghana and some of the other countries from African subcontinent where private schools are playing a pivotal role in universalizing access to elementary education, the debate on role and regulation of private sector has intensified over the last decade or more. 

This paper look at some of best practices which can direct us towards right policy measures for constructive engagement of the private sector in school education.

 

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