Seasonal migrants are persons employed in a State other than their own for part of the year because the work they perform depends on seasonal conditions
Pupil / textbook ratio is the average number of pupils for every textbook in schools
Marginalised groups are all those excluded from governmental policy and access to education including: women and girls, indigenous peoples and minorities, persons with disabilities, persons with HIV / AIDS, child labourers, persons in detention, migrants, refugees and IDPs, and persons living in poverty (Source: Audrey Chapman (2007) Development of Indicators for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: The Rights to Education, Participation in Cultural Life and Access to the Benefits of Science: p.145)
Percentage of household expenditure on education is the total average cost per month per family for a student in a school as a percentage of total household expenditure. Examples of educational expenses include: enrolment fees, tuition fees, uniforms, school supplies and educational materials, school meals and school transport and other payments necessary to effectively access education, such as payment for water, security etc.
The percentage of students for whom the actual (rather than straight line) distance they are required to travel in order to get to school from their house exceeds 5km
Examples of incidents of repression include teachers / professors who have criticised governments and have subsequently been removed from office, imprisoned, reported missing, reported killed, etc.
Academic freedom is the liberty of members of the academic community, individually or collectively, to pursue, develop and transmit knowledge and ideas, through research, teaching, study, discussion, documentation, production, creation and / or writing
The proportion between the average teacher’s salary and other jobs in the public sector that require a similar level of education
Teachers' union density rate is the number of teachers who are members of a teachers' union as a percentage of the total number of teachers. A teachers' union is defined as a teachers’ organisation constituted for the purpose of furthering and defending the interests of teachers
Social security benefits covers all measures that provide benefits, whether in cash or in kind, to secure protection, from (a) lack of work-related income (or insufficient income) caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, or death of a family member; (b) lack of access or unaffordable access to health care; (c) insufficient family support, particularly for children and adult dependants; and (d) general poverty and social exclusion (Source: ILO)