Is there a special funding system to ensure access to education for students from marginalised groups?

Marginalised groups are all those excluded from governmental policy and access to education including: women and girls, indigenous peoples and minorities, persons with disabilities, persons with HIV / AIDS, child labourers, persons in detention, migrants, refugees and IDPs, and persons living in poverty (Source: Audrey Chapman (2007) Development of Indicators for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: The Rights to Education, Participation in Cultural Life and Access to the Benefits of Science: p.145)

Percentage of household expenditure on education

Percentage of household expenditure on education is the total average cost per month per family for a student in a school as a percentage of total household expenditure. Examples of educational expenses include: enrolment fees, tuition fees, uniforms, school supplies and educational materials, school meals and school transport and other payments necessary to effectively access education, such as payment for water, security etc.

Number of reported incidents of repression against teachers for their political, ideological or religious beliefs or teachers' union activity

Examples of incidents of repression include teachers / professors who have criticised governments and have subsequently been removed from office, imprisoned, reported missing, reported killed, etc.

Teachers' union density rate

Teachers' union density rate is the number of teachers who are members of a teachers' union as a percentage of the total number of teachers. A teachers' union is defined as a teachers’ organisation constituted for the purpose of furthering and defending the interests of teachers

Percentage of teachers with social security benefits

Social security benefits covers all measures that provide benefits, whether in cash or in kind, to secure protection, from (a) lack of work-related income (or insufficient income) caused by sickness, disability, maternity, employment injury, unemployment, old age, or death of a family member; (b) lack of access or unaffordable access to health care; (c) insufficient family support, particularly for children and adult dependants; and (d) general poverty and social exclusion (Source: ILO)

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