In order to function effectively, oversight institutions such as human rights commissions, ombudspersons and parliamentary committees, should adhere to the following minimum conditions:

  • Be completely independent of the government.
  • Possess wide-ranging investigative powers.
  • Be properly resourced and provide cost-free service to complainants.
  • Be accessible both geographically, through local offices, and electronically.
  • Be accountable and report to parliament.

Source: Beetham, D (2006) Parliament and democracy in the twenty-first century: A guide to good practice. Geneva: Inter- Parliamentary Union: p.76.