International human rights treaties relevant to the right to education of girls and women ratified by the State

The relevant international and regional human rights treaties include: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (and its Optional Protocols) International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (and its Optional Protocols), Convention on the Rights of the Child, and UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education.

In Europe: Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights, and (Revised) European Social Charter (including Article 17)

Out-of-school children rate

Total primary (or secondary) school age children who are not enrolled (because they never enrolled or because they dropped-out) in primary or secondary education expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population corresponding to the primary (or secondary) level in a given school-year. Children enrolled in pre-primary education are excluded and considered out-of-school (Source: UIS)

Are there established mechanisms to enable parents, children and community leaders to contribute to the formulation and / or implementation of strategies to identify out-of-school children, to encourage school attendance and to reduce drop-out rates?

Mechanisms by which stakeholders can contribute to the formulation and / or implementation of strategies to identify out-of-school children include: perception surveys, focus groups and public campaigns.

Is there a special funding system to ensure access to education for students from marginalised groups?

Marginalised groups are all those excluded from governmental policy and access to education including: women and girls, indigenous peoples and minorities, persons with disabilities, persons with HIV / AIDS, child labourers, persons in detention, migrants, refugees and IDPs, and persons living in poverty (Source: Audrey Chapman (2007) Development of Indicators for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: The Rights to Education, Participation in Cultural Life and Access to the Benefits of Science: p.145)

Percentage of household expenditure on education

Percentage of household expenditure on education is the total average cost per month per family for a student in a school as a percentage of total household expenditure. Examples of educational expenses include: enrolment fees, tuition fees, uniforms, school supplies and educational materials, school meals and school transport and other payments necessary to effectively access education, such as payment for water, security etc.