Share of the national higher education budget invested in private higher education institutions
What laws and policies regulate the privatisation of higher education and private higher education institutions?
Percentage of higher education budget allocated to student financial aid as a share of total higher education budget
Has the State allocated budget to implement laws and policies targeting special groups?
What is the share of students pursuing a higher education degree in the region of origin/residence (where they completed upper-secondary education)?
Region of origin/residence is understood as the national region where students resided and completed their upper secondary education.
Are there differentiated tuition fees based on students’ nationalities?
Are there any affirmative action or other policies aiming to reduce inequalities? (Such as tuition subsidies, grants, quotas, campaigns, etc.)
Affirmative actions should be understood as targeted temporary actions aiming to facilitate access, participation, and completion of marginalised groups that are underrepresented in different levels of education.
Is there a special funding system to ensure access to education for students from marginalised groups?
Marginalised groups are all those excluded from governmental policy and access to education including: women and girls, indigenous peoples and minorities, persons with disabilities, persons with HIV / AIDS, child labourers, persons in detention, migrants, refugees and IDPs, and persons living in poverty (Source: Audrey Chapman (2007) Development of Indicators for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: The Rights to Education, Participation in Cultural Life and Access to the Benefits of Science: p.145)