Affirmative actions should be understood as targeted temporary actions aiming to facilitate access, participation, and completion of marginalised groups that are underrepresented in different levels of education.
Steps in implementing the Safe Schools Declaration and incorporating the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict demonstrate the state’s commitment in safeguarding the right to education. Measures could include, for example, revising national policies and practices, including incorporating specific guidelines into military doctrine, operational orders, military manuals, etc.
The Safe Schools Declaration is an inter-governmental political commitment through which signatory States commit to protect education from attacks during armed conflict, including by endorsing and committing to implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict.
This indicator refers to the number of such incidents in the last 12 months, or during another designated time period. The indicator is common to two categories of attacks on education: attacks on schools and universities and/or other educational facilities and military use of schools and universities.