States have the obligation to progressively provide free higher education as well as equality in access without discrimination. Concentration of high fee charging private higher education institutions in certain subject areas/programs may hinder equality, limiting the choices of students wanting to pursue higher education in a certain field of studies.

Human Rights Standards: 

Article 26, Universal Declaration of Human Rights;  Article 2.2 and article 13, 2, (c), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Article 2, Convention on the Rights of the Child; Articles 3 and 4, UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education; The Abidjan Principles, guiding principles 14.i, 48, 50.

Levels and Types of Education: 
Policy Processes and Governance: 
Levels of disaggregation: 
Private for-profit/non-profit