This indicator measures the estimated proportion of State activities in education funded through extrabudgetary sources, as a share of total public spending in education


Where the use of extrabudgetary funds play a large role in resource allocation, the ability to track government’s priorities and to hold the government accountable for the financing of education, may be compromised

Human Rights Standards: 

Articles 13 (2) & 14 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Article 28 (1), Convention on the Rights of the Child; Article 24 (2), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; Article 7 (2) (c), ILO Convention 182; Article 17 (2), (Revised) European Social Charter; Article 13 (3), Protocol of San Salvador; Article 11 (3), African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, Article 13 (4), African Youth Charter; Article 41 (2), Arab Charter; Article 4, UNESCO Convention against Discrimination in Education

Policy Processes and Governance: 
Types of Indicator: