Percentage of schools without single-sex toilets is the share of schools without separate girls and boys toilets or single-sex educational institutions without toilets. Schools are counted as having toilets if they have a pit latrine, an improved pit latrine, a flush toilet, a pour-flush toilet or a composting toilet


Lack of single-sex toilets in schools may deter parents from sending girls to school, particularly in traditional societies. It may also deter girls themselves from attending school or even cause them to drop-out. It is important to disaggregate the data for this indicator, particularly across regions, urban compared to rural schools and public compared to private schools. This may reveal unequal enjoyment of quality education, which may be indicative of discrimination

Available data: 

For public primary and lower secondary schools in African countries, see EdStats

Human Rights Standards: 

Articles 11, 12 & 13 (2), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; 12 (c) (i) & 16 (b), CESCR General Comment 15; Para 6 (a), CESCR General Comment 13; Article 28 (1), Convention on the Rights of the Child; Article 17 (2), (Revised) European Social Charter; Article 13 (3), Protocol of San Salvador; Article 11 (3), African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; Article 10 (b), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Marginalised Groups: 
Types of Indicator: 
Levels of disaggregation: 
Level of Education, Urban/Rural, Region, Public/Private