This indicator measures the number of students reported suffering fatal injuries as a consequence of attacks on schools, universities and/or other educational facilities perpetrated by armed forces or armed groups (from government and/or opposition groups) in the last 12 months or during a designated period of time. 


Attacks on education may result in the death of students. For example, if a school is shelled during school hours, the risk of students and personnel suffering from fatal injuries is extremely high. Deaths as a consequence of indiscriminate killings are not counted here as they correspond to a different indicator. This indicator can be applied at a regional, national or subnational level.

Available data: 

Virtual library of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict, OCHA’s Humanitarian Data Exchange’s Education and Conflict Monitor, the reports of the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), and GCPEA and Insecurity Insight’s Education in Danger newsbrief

Human Rights Standards: 

Article 13 (4), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Article 29 (2), Convention on the Rights of the Child; Article 13 (5), Article 7, (g) (i) & article 8 (2) (b) (ix), Rome Statute;; Articles 50 & 94, Geneva Convention IV; Article 51, 52 & 78, Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions; Protocol of San Salvador; Article 11 (7), African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; Article 13, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities; Article 14 (3), European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights; Article 27 (3) ILO Convention 169;  Article 17, European Social Charter (Revised; Safe Schools declaration; Safe Schools Declaration. UN Security Council resolutions: 1261 (1999), 1314 (2000), 1379 (2001), 1460 (2003), 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005), 1820.

Types of Indicator: 
Levels of disaggregation: 
Gender and age group.
Interpretation and analysis: 

Add up the number of students identified as suffering from fatal injuries as identified and qualified in the indicator Have schools, universities and/or other educational facilities been attacked? (disaggregation level III.D)