This indicator measures the number of reported incidents of occupation or use of schools by armed forces or armed groups (from government or opposition groups) in the last two years


"The use of schools for military purposes puts children at risk of attack and hampers children’s right to education, resulting in reduced enrolment and high drop-out rates, especially amongst girls and may also may lead to schools being considered targets for attack" (Source: The Six Grave Violations Against Children During Armed Conflict: The Legal Foundation by the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict - Edited in 2013). For an example of a report monitoring this issue, see here

Available data: 

The United Nations reports on attacks against schools as one of six grave violations against children in armed conflict. See here (> Countries)

Human Rights Standards: 

Article 8 (2) (b) (ix), Rome Statute; Articles 48, 51 & 52, Protocol 1 of the Geneva Convention

Types of Indicator: