This indicator refers to the extension of material damages due to targeted and non-targeted military attacks on schools, universities and other educational facilities. Damage to schools includes: facility infrastructure (walls, windows, roof, water, electricity, sanitation); leisure areas (playgrounds, libraries, school halls, cafeterias); and school materials (tables, black or whiteboards, books, toys).


Damage to infrastructure can put the safety of students, teachers, and staff at risk. Furthermore, damages caused by attacks on educational facilities might result in its partial or complete closure, affecting education access, participation, and quality. 

Educational facilities should be understood broadly. It refers to primary and secondary schools and facilities, universities, and other higher education facilities, as well as kindergartens, preschools, and non-formal education sites. 

Consider using visual data to illustrate your findings. For an example on how to document using visual data, see the RTE multimedia report on education under attack in eastern Ukraine

Available data: 

Virtual library of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict, OCHA’s Humanitarian Data Exchange’s Education and Conflict Monitor, the reports of the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), and GCPEA and Insecurity Insight’s Education in Danger newsbrief

Human Rights Standards: 

Article 13 (4), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Article 29 (2), Convention on the Rights of the Child; Article 13 (5), Article 7, (g) (i) & article 8 (2) (b) (ix), Rome Statute;; Articles 50 & 94, Geneva Convention IV; Article 51, 52 & 78, Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions; Protocol of San Salvador; Article 11 (7), African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; Article 13, Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities; Article 14 (3), European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights; Article 27 (3) ILO Convention 169;  Article 17, European Social Charter (Revised; Safe Schools declaration; Safe Schools Declaration. UN Security Council resolutions: 1261 (1999), 1314 (2000), 1379 (2001), 1460 (2003), 1539 (2004), 1612 (2005), 1820.

Types of Indicator: 
Interpretation and analysis: 

Add up all the reported incidents of damages to schools identified in the indicator Have schools, universities and/or other educational facilities been attacked? (disaggregation level III.C).