Costa Rica: “Public expenditure in State education, including higher education, shall not be less than six percent (6%) per annum of the gross domestic product…” (Article 78 of the Costa Rican Constitution).

Paraguay: The Education Act allocates at least 20% of the national budget to education.

Sources: Wilson, D (2004) A human rights contribution to defining quality education. UNESCO (2005/ED/EFA/MRT/PI/51) and Muñoz, V (2009) Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to education, Mission to Paraguay (A/HRC/14/25/Add.2).