Marginalised groups may face ‘on campus’ discrimination (harassment, verbal or physical violence, stereotyping, etc.). Students are less likely to persist and graduate if they experience a hostile environment on campus. Retention and completion rates are higher when campus policies ban discrimination and promote equality and inclusion. This indicator can be broken down into specific categories, for example:
Do LGBTQI+ face discrimination on campus?
Do vulnerable, disadvantaged and/or marginalised racial, ethnic, caste, religious, indigenous and/or autochthon groups face discrimination on campus?
Do migrants, refugees and/or asylumm seekers face discrimination on campus?
Article 26, Universal Declaration of Human Rights; Articles 2.2 and 13 (2)(c), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Article 4(a), Convention against Discrimination in Education; Article 28(c), Convention on the Rights of the Child; Article 5(e)(v), International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; Article 10(a), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; Article 24(5), Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; Articles 22 and 29, Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees; Articles 30 and 43, 1 (a), (b), (c), Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families; Article 13(3)(c), Protocol of San Salvador; Article 11(c), African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child; Article 13(4)(f), African Youth Charter; Article 49(c), Charter of the Organisation of American States; Article 12(1)(a), Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa; Article 3(d) World Declaration on Higher Education for the Twenty-first Century; Para 32, General Comment 13, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR).