Academic freedom is the liberty of members of the academic community, individually or collectively, to pursue, develop and transmit knowledge and ideas, through research, teaching, study, discussion, documentation, production, creation and / or writing


Academic freedom is the freedom indispensable for scientific and academic research (see General Comment 13, paras 38-40) and is closely linked to the right to freedom of speech and expression. Without academic freedom the right to education cannot be enjoyed

Human Rights Standards: 

Articles 15 (3) & 13, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Paras 38-40, CESCR General Comment 13; Article 19, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights; Article 13, European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights; Article 10, European Convention on Human Rights; Article 42 (2), Arab Charter

Levels and Types of Education: 
Types of Indicator: 
Levels of disaggregation: 
Region, Public/Private