Since the beginnings of 2012, at least 70 teachers and over 100 students have been killed or wounded in northern Nigeria. Educational facilities have been burned, thousands of children forced out of schools and teachers made to flee for safety. The purpose of this briefing is to draw attention to the damaging effects of this on-going violence. It calls on the Islamist armed group Boko Haram and other gunmen to immediately cease all attacks on schools; and on the Nigerian authorities to provide better protection for schools and ensure that attacks are properly investigated.

This case study focuses on two factors that affect displaced children’s ability to exercise their right to education: poverty and discrimination.

This legal factsheet accompanies the Right to Education Initiative’s multimedia essay Caught in the crossfire: The right to education in eastern Ukraine. It has been made available for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. 

At the end of 2019, at least 13.4 million school-age children (5-17 years old) were internally displaced due to conflict or violence. These numbers are likely an underestimate with many internally displaced children unaccounted for due to lack of data. The periods of internal displacement are becoming longer, with years becoming decades and internally displaced children spending the majority of their school-years displaced. The majority of these children do not have access to quality, safe and inclusive education due to discrimination, financial, legal, and insecurity barriers.

The five country case studies (Afghanistan, Colombia, Somalia, Syria Ukraine) in this report demonstrate that adopting legal and policy frameworks is not enough to uphold the right to education for internally displaced children. Challenges to implementing these policies are linked to institutional, financial, political, and cultural factors.

When working on human rights issues, you should consider a person’s right to decide whether they want to be featured in written, recorded or audiovisual work. 

It is an ethical consideration which protects individuals from exploitation. It is also a legal requirement:  in many countries you cannot share, store or publish content if consent has not been obtained. 

 

Les efforts, pour assurer une éducation inclusive et de qualité pour toutes et tous, ont suscité des appels en faveur d’un engagement plus important du secteur privé, affirmant que les entreprises et les fondations peuvent jouer un rôle important en tant que partenaires dans la réalisation de l’Objectif de Développement Durable n° 4 (ODD 4).

Ces dernières années, compte tenu de l’insuffisance des financements publics et de la nécessité d’intervenir en urgence, les acteurs privés se sont de plus en plus impliqués dans divers aspects des programmes éducatifs, pour l’éducation dans les situations d’urgence (ESU). Toutefois, cet arrangement peut engendrer des tensions entre l’engagement du secteur privé et la réponse humanitaire dans le domaine de l’éducation, ce qui doit être pris en compte et nécessite à son tour une coordination, un plaidoyer et une attention supplémentaires. Ce document explore certaines des tensions et fait des recommandations, pour soutenir la priorisation d’une éducation publique sûre, équitable et de qualité, pour tous les enfants et les jeunes touchés par des crises.

L’INEE soutient le droit à l’éducation de chaque jeune, et reconnaît l’État comme principal responsable de la scolarisation, conformément aux déclarations, cadres et instruments juridiques internationaux, qui affirment et protègent le droit à l’éducation (voir encadré sur les instruments juridiques, qui protègent le droit à l’éducation).

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Las iniciativas que buscan garantizar una educación inclusiva y equitativa para todos han generado peticiones para una mayor involucramiento del sector privado, afirmando que las empresas y las fundaciones pueden jugar un papel importante como socios para alcanzar el Objetivo de Desarrollo Sostenible 4 (ODS4). 

En los últimos años, debido a la falta de financiamiento público y a la necesidad de respuestas urgentes, ha crecido la participación del sector privado en diversos aspectos de la programación educativa para la educación en situaciones de emergencia (EeE). Esta forma de trabajar, sin embargo, puede causar tensiones entre la participación del sector privado y la respuesta humanitaria en materia de educación. Es necesario resolver estas tensiones, lo cual requiere una mayor coordinación, abogacía y atención. Este informe explora algunas de estas tensiones y ofrece recomendaciones para apoyar la priorización de una educación pública segura, equitativa y de calidad para todos los niños, niñas y jóvenes afectados por crisis.

La INEE apoya el derecho que tienen todas las personas jóvenes a la educación y reconoce al Estado como el principal responsable de la escolarización, en línea con declaraciones, marcos e instrumentos legales internacionales que reconocen y protegen el derecho a la educación (véase el recuadro sobre los instrumentos legales que protegen el derecho a la educación).

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Efforts to secure inclusive and equitable education for all have prompted calls for greater engagement by the private sector, asserting that businesses and foundations can play significant roles as partners in achieving Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4).

In recent years, given shortfalls in public financing and the need for urgent responses, private actors have increasingly become involved in various aspects of educational programming for education in emergencies (EiE). The arrangement, however, can produce tensions between private engagement and humanitarian response in education, which needs to be addressed and in turn requires extra coordination, advocacy and attention. This brief explores some of these tensions and makes recommendations to support the prioritization of safe, equitable, and quality public education for all children and young people affected by crises.

INEE supports every young person’s right to education and recognizes the State as the primary duty-bearer of schooling, in alignment with international declarations, frameworks, and legal instruments that assert and protect the right to education

ESPAÑOL  FRANÇAIS   العربية

دفعت الجهود الرامية إلى تأمين التعليم الشامل والعادل للجميع إلى دعوات للمزيد من المشاركة من جانب القطاع الخاص ، والتأكيد على أن الشركات والمؤسسات قادرة على لعب أدوار كبيرة كشركاء في تحقيق الهدف الرابع من أهداف التنمية المستدامة.

في السنوات الأخيرة، وفي ضوء النقص في التمويل العام والحاجة إلى استجابات عاجلة، أصبحت الجهات الفاعلة الخاصة تشارك بشكل متزايد في مختلف جوانب البرمجة التعليمية من أجل التعليم في حالات الطوارئ. غير أن هذه التدابير يمكن أن تؤدي إلى حدوث توتر بين مشاركة القطاع الخاص والاستجابة الإنسانية في مجال التعليم، الأمر الذي يحتاج إلى معالجة ويتطلب بدوره مزيدًا من التنسيق والمناصرة والاهتمام. ويستكشف هذا الموجز بعض هذا التوتر ويقدم توصيات لدعم الأولوية للتعليم العام الآمن والمنصف والجيد لجميع الأطفال والشباب المتضررين من الأزمات.


تدعم الشبكة المشتركة لوكالات التعليم في حالات الطوارئ حق كل شاب في التعليم وتعترف بأن الدولة هي الجهة الرئيسية المسؤولة عن التعليم، تمشياً مع الإعلانات والأطر والمواثيق القانونية الدولية التي تؤكد الحق في التعليم وتحميه (انظر الإطار حول المواثيق القانونية التي تحمي الحق في التعليم).

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Key resource
Documenting the impact of conflict on education is a complex, time consuming and often dangerous process, whose consequences may be difficult to witness. Inthis context, the relationship between journalists and civil society organisations (CSOs) can be incredibly fruitful. They often share a common aim: to make the world aware of attacks on education and their immense costs to individuals, to communities, and across entire generations. Journalist-CSO partnerships can shed light on injustices, tell powerful human stories, and lead to redress and lasting change for those who have suffered. They can also have powerful mutual benefits; CSOs may receive reports of attacks on education or military use of facilities, while journalists can gain greater access to conflict zones and affected parties.
 
This brief provides insight from a roundtable discussion held between journalists and CSOs in September 2021, providing five lessons for effective collaboration which brings benefits to journalists, CSOs, and affected communities.