More than 300 participants representing 92 governments and 25 international organisations met in Salamanca in 1994 to further the objective of Education for All by considering the fundamental policy shifts required to promote the approach of inclusive education, namely enabling schools to serve all children, particularly those with special educational needs. Organised by the Government of Spain in co-operation with UNESCO, the Conference brought together senior education officials, administrators, policy-makers and specialists, as well as representatives of the United Nations and the Specialised Agencies, other international governmental organisations, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. The Conference adopted the Salamanca Statement on Principles, Policy and Practice in Special Needs Education and a Framework for Action. These documents are informed by the principle of inclusion, by recognition of the need to work towards “schools for all” - institutions which include everybody, celebrate differences, support learning, and respond to individual needs. As such, they constitute an important contribution to the agenda for achieving Education for All and for making schools educationally more effective.
Domestic work is an important occupation for millions of individuals. Women make up the overwhelming majority of these workers.
Noting the omission of express references to either domestic work or domestic workers in a broad range of national and international frameworks of law, the Committee
on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families issued a general comment in order to provide States with guidance on how to implement
their obligations under the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and the Members of Their Families.
Paragraphs 14, 57 and 59 refer to the right to education.
The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination prohibits racial discrimination in the enjoyment of human rights, including economic, social and cultural rights. Article 5 guarantees the right to education of everyone, without distinction as to race, colour or national or ethnic origin. Article 7 encourages States to take measures to combat prejudices, which lead to racial discrimination in the field of teaching and education and to promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among nations and racial or ethnical groups.
On March 2014, the UN Security Council held an Open Debate on Children and Armed Conflict and unanimously adopted this resolution setting out practical steps to combat violations against children in armed conflict, including their right to education. An important element in this resolution is the reference to the use of schools by armed forces.
En Febrero de 2013, el Comité de los Derechos del Niño adoptó la Observación General 16 sobre las obligaciones del Estado en relación con el impacto del sector empresarial en los derechos del Niño. Esas obligaciones abarcan una serie de cuestiones que reflejan el hecho de que los niños son titulares de derechos y partes interesadas en la actividad empresarial en tanto que consumidores, empleados legalmente contratados, futuros empleados y empresarios y miembros de comunidades y entornos en los que las empresas realizan actividades. La presente observación general tiene por objeto clarificar esas obligaciones y determinar las medidas que deben adoptar los Estados para cumplirlas.
Párrafos relacionados a la educación: 16, 19, 21, 30, 33, 35, 37, 56, 61(a), 68, 77 y 82.
Las Observaciones Generales 13, adoptadas por el Comité de Derechos Económicos Sociales y Culturales, proporcionan interpretaciones y clarificación del Articulo 13 del Pacto Internacional de Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales.
Written by John Ruggie, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Business and Human Rights, these Guiding Principles are designed to provide for the first time a global standard for preventing and addressing the risk of adverse impacts on human rights linked to business activity. The Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles in its resolution 17/4 of 16 June 2011.
In February 2013, the Committee on the Rights of the Child adopted General Comment 16 on State obligations regarding the impact of the business sector on children's rights, to which countries will be held accountable for ensuring that children's rights are protected in business activities.
Paragraphs regarding education:16, 19, 21, 30, 33, 35, 37, 56, 61(a), 68, 77 & 82.
La Primera Observación General del Comité de Derechos del Niño interpreta el Artículo 29 (1) de la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño que define los propósitos de la educación.