More than 300 participants representing 92 governments and 25 international organisations met in Salamanca in 1994 to further the objective of Education for All by considering the fundamental policy shifts required to promote the approach of inclusive education, namely enabling schools to serve all children, particularly those with special educational needs. Organised by the Government of Spain in co-operation with UNESCO, the Conference brought together senior education officials, administrators, policy-makers and specialists, as well as representatives of the United Nations and the Specialised Agencies, other international governmental organisations, non-governmental organisations and donor agencies. The Conference adopted the Salamanca Statement on Principles, Policy and Practice in Special Needs Education and a Framework for Action. These documents are informed by the principle of inclusion, by recognition of the need to work towards “schools for all” - institutions which include everybody, celebrate differences, support learning, and respond to individual needs. As such, they constitute an important contribution to the agenda for achieving Education for All and for making schools educationally more effective.

La Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad y su Protocolo Facultativo se concibió como un instrumento de derechos humanos con una dimensión explícita de desarrollo social. En ella se adopta una amplia clasificación de las personas con discapacidad y se reafirma que todas las personas con todos los tipos de discapacidad deben poder gozar de todos los derechos humanos y libertades fundamentales. Se aclara y precisa cómo se aplican a las personas con discapacidad todas las categorías de derechos y se indican las esferas en las que es necesario introducir adaptaciones para que las personas con discapacidad puedan ejercer en forma efectiva sus derechos y las esferas en las que se han vulnerado esos derechos y en las que debe reforzarse la protección de los derechos. 

[ENGLISH]

The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities applies to persons with disabilities and reaffirms that all persons with all types of disabilities must enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedoms. It clarifies and qualifies how all categories of rights apply to persons with disabilities and identifies areas where adaptations have to be made in order that persons with disabilities can effectively exercise their rights, as well as areas where their rights have been violated, and where protection of rights must be reinforced. Article 24 recognises the right of persons with disabilities to education, without discrimination and on the basis of equal opportunity, the State having the obligation to ensure an inclusive education system at all levels and lifelong learning.

[ESPAÑOL]

Esta Observación General 9 del Comité de los Derechos del Niño interpreta la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño con respeto a los derechos del niño con discapacidad, incluso sus derechos a la educación. (Ver párrafos 62 a69)

[ENGLISH]

The General Comment 9 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child interprets the Convention on the Rights of the Child as regards the rights of children with disabilies, including their right to education (see paragraphs 62 to 69)

[ESPAÑOL]

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