The publication is a compilation of practical examples of measures taken by Member States in implementing the provisions of the UNESCO Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education - considered a cornerstone of Education 2030. 

The examples are taken from national reports submitted to UNESCO for the Eighth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of these two international instruments.

The compendium seeks to provide an overview of promising measures taken to ensure equality of educational opportunities and non-discrimination – determining factors for the realisation of Sustainable Development Goal 4, while also serving as a tool for information sharing and advocacy in connection with the right to education.

In this report, the Secretary-General outlines the linkages between economic, social and cultural rights and the Sustainable Development Goals framework as two converging agendas, and highlights equality, non-discrimination and accountability principles as well as a human rights-based approach to data as key to ensuring the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in a manner consistent with the obligations of States under international law. The report identifies key challenges and opportunities for the human rights-based implementation of the 2030 Agenda and contributions of international human rights mechanisms, and concludes with recommendations to that end.

The second edition of the Global Education Monitoring Report (GEM Report) presents the latest evidence on global progress towards the education targets of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

With hundreds of millions of people still not going to school, and many not achieving minimum skills at school, it is clear education systems are off track to achieve global goals. The marginalised currently bear the most consequences but also stand to benefit the most if policy-makers pay sufficient attention to their needs. Faced with these challenges, along with tight budgets and increased emphasis on results-oriented value for money, countries are searching for solutions. Increased accountability often tops the list.

The 2017/8 GEM Report shows the entire array of approaches to accountability in education. It ranges from countries unused to the concept, where violations of the right to education go unchallenged, to countries where accountability has become an end in itself instead of a means to inclusive, equitable and high-quality education and lifelong learning for all.

The report emphasises that education is a shared responsibility. While governments have primary responsibility, all actors – schools, teachers, parents, students, international organizations, private sector providers, civil society and the media – have a role in improving education systems. The report emphasises the importance of transparency and availability of information but urges caution in how data are used. It makes the case for avoiding accountability systems with a disproportionate focus on narrowly defined results and punitive sanctions. In an era of multiple accountability tools, the report provides clear evidence on those that are working and those that are not.

In the present report, the Special Rapporteur reviews the role of equity and inclusion in strengthening the right to education, in particular in the context of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. The Special Rapporteur concludes by calling for states to take significant, positive actions to tackle discrimination, inequity and exclusion in education to ensure that the Sustainable Development Goals are met.

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Dans le présent rapport, la Rapporteuse spéciale examine comment le droit à l’éducation et les engagements pris dans le cadre des objectifs de développement durable donnent des orientations au sujet de la gouvernance des systèmes nationaux d’éducation. Elle se penche sur la façon dont le droit à l’éducation devrait être intégré dans la gouvernance de l’éducation. Dans ce contexte, il peut être considéré que la gouvernance comprend les lois, les politiques, les institutions, les procédures et pratiques administratives, les mécanismes de surveillance et de responsabilisation, et les procédures judiciaires ayant trait à l’éducation. Une approche fondée sur les droits devrait être adoptée non seulement pour garantir le respect du principe de non-discrimination et l’accès de tous dans des conditions d’égalité, mais aussi pour faire en sorte que la priorité soit accordée aux apprenants qui ont été les plus difficiles à atteindre, y compris les membres de groupes vulnérables, même si cette démarche va à l’encontre de l’accent mis de longue date sur l’efficacité.

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En el presente informe, la Relatora Especial examina cómo ha de orientarse la gobernanza de los sistemas nacionales de educación teniendo en cuenta el derecho a la educación y los compromisos asumidos en virtud de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible. Analiza cómo incorporar el derecho a la educación en la gobernanza de la educación. En este contexto se entiende que la gobernanza comprende las leyes, las políticas, las instituciones, las prácticas y los procedimientos administrativos, los mecanismos de supervisión y rendición de cuentas y los procedimientos judiciales relacionados con la educación. Es menester adoptar un enfoque basado en los derechos no solo para incorporar los principios de no discriminación e igualdad de acceso para todos en la gobernanza de la educación, sino también para que se dé prioridad a aquellos alumnos a los que es más difícil llegar, incluidos los miembros de grupos vulnerables, aun cuando esas decisiones sean contrarias al enfoque tradicional centrado en la eficiencia.

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In the present report, the Special Rapporteur examines how the right to education, and the commitments made under the Sustainable Development Goals, provide guidance for governance in national education systems. She considers how the right to education should be mainstreamed into education governance. Governance in this context can be thought to include the laws, policies, institutions, administrative procedures and practices, monitoring and accountability mechanisms, and judicial procedures that are related to education. A rights-based approach should be adopted to ensure not only that nondiscrimination and equitable access for all are mainstreamed, but also that learners who have been the hardest to reach, including members of vulnerable groups, are prioritized, even if such decisions run counter to the traditional emphasis on efficiency.

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