The report examines questions related to enforcement of the right to education and judicial and quasi-judicial mechanisms. It also highlights the available jurisprudence at the national, regional and international levels, with a focus on some key dimensions of the right to education. In conclusion, the Special Rapporteur offers recommendations for making the justiciability of the right to education and its enforcement more effective.

This report examines national and international norms and standards, as well as policies regarding quality in education. The Special Rapporteur underscores the need to promote the adoption of norms at the national level establishing the right to quality education, consistent with the international legal human rights framework and relevant initiatives at the national, regional and international levels. In conclusion, the Special Rapporteur provides recommendations aimed at promoting quality education.



Based on extensive evidence gathered from many different sources - detainees and civil society as well as governments and the international community - this report attempts to portray the reality for prisoners and charts the legal obligations that are neglected or often absent. Assessing the situation, the report proposes a set of strong recommendations.


The report focuses on the promotion of equality of opportunity in education. Ensuring equality of opportunity in education is an overarching principle that is reflected in core human rights treaties. States have the duty to adopt measures to eradicate discrimination and ensure equal access for all to education. The promotion of equality of opportunity in education both in law and in fact is an ongoing challenge for all States, and one that requires not only the elimination of discriminatory practices, but also the adoption of temporary special measures to bring about equality in fact with regard to education. The report first details core human rights standards provisions which establish the obligation to promote equal opportunities in education. It subsequently describes different sources of inequalities and different types of initiatives to address them. It concludes by formulating recommendations based on human rights standards.

The  report centres on the assessment of the educational attainments of students and the implementation of the right to education. The Special Rapporteur on the right to education underlines the importance of developing and applying national assessment systems which are in compliance with international human right norms, so that education meets the essential objectives assigned to it in human rights conventions. He considers that such a human rights-based, holistic approach is essential for fostering the humanistic mission of education rather than its mere instrumental role, using a narrow scope of assessments linked to mathematical literacy and language skills only. The report also places emphasis on skills development as an integral part of basic education and on the need for innovative assessment modalities of technical and vocational education and training, particularly in developing countries, in response to the rising aspirations of youth, while not losing sight of the human rights perspective.

The report concludes with recommendations to strengthen human rights-based, holistic approaches to national assessments of the educational attainments of students.

Este informe se presenta de conformidad con las resoluciones 8/4, 17/3 y 26/17 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos. En él, el Relator Especial sobre el derecho a la educación examina la responsabilidad del Estado frente al crecimiento explosivo de los proveedores de enseñanza privados, desde la perspectiva del derecho a la educación. El relator Especial hace hincapié en la necesidad de mantener la educación como un bien público que no debe verse reducido a empresa comercial con fines de lucro y subraya la importancia de los principios de no discriminación e igualdad de oportunidades, así como la justicia social y la equidad. Los Estados deben desarrollar un marco regulatorio para todo los proveedores de enseñanza privada, que prevea sanciones para las prácticas abusivas. El Relator Especial pone de relieve otras cuestiones fundamentales y concluye su informe con recomendaciones.


Este informe se presenta de conformidad con las resoluciones 8/4 y 17/3 del Consejo de Derechos Humanos. En él se destacan los avances recientes relacionados con la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015, prestando especial atención a un enfoque de la educación basado en los derechos humanos. El Relator Especial aporta perspectivas sobre los objetivos de la educación y recomienda estrategias de aplicación.

El informe considera la educación como la base de la agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015 y presenta las opiniones y recomendaciones del Relator Especial sobre métodos para aplicar de manera práctica un enfoque basado en los derechos humanos a los objetivos de desarrollo relacionados con la educación.