The advice of the Expert Mechanism are meant to provide a better understanding of the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and to propose concrete actions that States, indigenous peoples, civil society, international organisations, national human rights institutions and others can take in order to further its implementation.
This advice deals with the right to education of indigenous peoples.
Following the Iranian revolution of 1979, due to their affiliation with political or religious groups, a great number of Iranian students were temporarily or permanently deprived of their right to education. Many students were expelled from university for membership in non-Islamic groups. In recent years the number of students whom organizations under the supervision and control of the Iranian regime has banned or “starred” from education has increased dramatically.
The Right to Education Report aims to raise awareness by providing comprehensive reporting on cases of student rights violations and any other form of education deprivation in Iran throughout the last three decades.
This report documents how the the Czech authorities are violating the human rights of Romani children in schools across the country. Romani children in the Czech Republic have for decades suffered systemic discrimination in primary education. Many are placed in so-called practical schools designated for pupils with mild mental disabilities. Those in mainstream schools are often segregated in Roma-only schools and classes or otherwise treated differently. Reports of racial bullying and ostracisation by non-Roma pupils, and even open prejudice by some teachers, are frequent. Amnesty International calls on the Czech government to make an unequivocal commitment and start a reform that would address ethnic prejudice and discrimination head-on.
La Declaración establece un marco universal de estándares mínimos para la dignidad, bienestar y derechos de los pueblos indígenas del mundo. La Declaración establece un marco universal de estándares mínimos para la supervivencia, dignidad, bienestar y derechos de los pueblos indígenas del mundo. La Declaración aborda, entre otras temáticas los derechos individuales y colectivos incluyendo aspectos referentes a la identidad cultural, la educación, el empleo y el idioma. La Declaración también condena la discriminación contra los pueblos indígenas y promueve su plena y efectiva participación en todos los asuntos que les atañen. De igual manera, la declaración garantiza su derecho a la diferencia y al logro de sus propias prioridades en cuanto al desarrollo económico, social y cultural. La declaración estimula explícitamente las relaciones de cooperación entre los Estados y los Pueblos Indígenas.
Artículos 14, 15, 17 y 21 refieren a la educación.
The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples establishes a universal framework of minimum standards for the survival, dignity, well-being and rights of the world's indigenous peoples. The Declaration addresses both individual and collective rights; cultural rights and identity; rights to education, health, employment, language, and others. It outlaws discrimination against indigenous peoples and promotes their full and effective participation in all matters that concern them. It also ensures their right to remain distinct and to pursue their own priorities in economic, social and cultural development. The Declaration explicitly encourages harmonious and cooperative relations between States and indigenous peoples.
Articles 14, 15, 17 and 21 refer to education.
El objeto principal de este guía es proporcionar una herramienta practica para la implementación de los derechos indígenas a los Gobiernos, Indígenas y Tribales, trabajadores y empleadores de organizaciones, basándose en la experiencia, buenas prácticas y lecciones aprendidas que fueron generados hasta ahora.
El capítulo 10 (paginas 128-136) concierne a la educación
The main purpose of this Guide is to provide governments, indigenous and tribal peoples and workers’ and employers’ organisations with a practical tool for the implementation of indigenous peoples’ rights, based on the experiences, good practices and lessons learned that have been generated so far.
Section 10 (pages 128-136) refer specifically to education.
The following articles relevant to the justiciability of the right to education can be found in this INTERIGHTS Bulletin:
- Diokno, MSI (2007) Short-changing the Right to Education in the Philippines,
- Ribeiro, RM (2007) Securing the Right to Education in Brazil: A Brief Overview of the Role of the Courts
- Courtis, C (2007) The Right to Education in the Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights
- Cojocariu, C (2007) Racial Discrimination against Roma Children in Schools: Recent Developments from Courts in Bulgaria and Hungary
The following article is relevant to the right to education of minorities:
- de Varennes, F (2007) Language Rights in Education
An update of the decisions made by the European Court of Human Rights from 2007-2010, on the right to education of Roma children.
The report provides a conceptual framework for minority rights in and through education and includes an analytical review of legal and practical developments in the four countries (Estonia, Latvia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Romania) involved in negotiations with the European Union. The result highlights huge divergence in practice in minority education, and a lack of clarity in just what the EU promotes.