The International Labour Organisation (ILO) is the UN special agency dealing with labour issues. The Organisation has adopted an impressive array of Conventions including some related to vocational training, teachers, child labour and Indigenous peoples' right to education. 

 

This fundamental ILO Convention No. 138 seeks to protect against child labour. Article 2 sets forth a minimum age for employment that shall not be less than the age of completion of compulsory schooling. Article 6 states that this Convention does not apply to work done by children and young persons in school for general vocational or technical education but define conditions for this type of work.

  • Adoption: 26 June 1973
  • Entry into force: 19 June 1976
  • Ratifications: 166
  • Interpretation: no
  • Monitoring mechanism: yes
  • Complaint mechanism: yes

This fundamental ILO Convention No. 182 requires States to ensure access to free basic education, and, wherever possible and appropriate, vocational training for all children removed from the worst forms of child labour.

  • Adoption: 17 June 1999
  • Entry into force: 19 November 2000
  • Ratifications: 177
  • Interpretation: no
  • Monitoring mechanism: yes
  • Complaint mechanism: yes

ILO Convention No. 169 guarantees the right to education of Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries. According to Article 7, high priority shall be given to the level of education of the population concerned. Articles 21 and 22 refer to vocational training. Articles 26 to 31 refer to education. It states that they have the same opportunity to acquire education at all levels on an equal footing with the rest of the national community. Education programmes should be adapted to their needs and they should be taught in their mother tongue.