International Labour Organisation Conventions – Zimbabwe
ILO has an impressive array of conventions and normative instruments covering almost all aspects of life which concern the world of work and labour. Below are highlighted a few that have direct consequences for teachers, teacher unions, indigenous people’s rights, child labour and minimum ages, etc. Their roles are those of normative texts and guidance for national laws and policies, as well as for other international standard setting aspirations, as their oversight mechanisms have less ‘bite’ for civil society campaigners or lawyers than the UN conventions.
Under the international system there are different UN specialised agencies charged with specific mandates. These are normative and standard setting organisations, with less focus on broad implementation on the ground. Their nature as member-driven organisations must be understood, as they can appear somewhat politicised, which may be detrimental to actual implementation but also leaves much space for civil society to exert its influence. The International Labour Organisation (ILO) deals with labour issues.
ILO 87 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention (1948) – Date of ratification: 09.04.2003
ILO 98 Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (1949) - date of ratification: 27.08.1998
ILO 111 Convention concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation (1958) - date of ratification: 23.06.1999
ILO 138 Minimum Age Convention (1973) - date of ratification: 06.06.2000
ILO 169 Indigenous and tribal Peoples Convention 1989 No action
ILO 182 Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (1999) - date of ratification: 11.12.2000